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Buxton Spa Town

The Rich History of Buxton

Buxton, the closest town to Wheeldon Trees has a rich history. Our Wheeldon Trees Cottages guests often ask us about the local history, so for future visitors, here’s everything we currently know.

Roman era

The town’s history can be traced back to the Roman era when a settlement called Aquae Arnemetiae was established. The Romans built baths and a temple at the site, which they dedicated to the goddess Arnemetia. The waters of the springs were believed to have healing properties. It was these healing properties which made the town a popular destination for people seeking relief from various ailments.

Mary Queen of Scots

After the decline of the Roman Empire, the site was largely abandoned until the 5th century when Anglo-Saxon settlers established a small village there. In the Middle Ages, Buxton became known as a market town. Then, in the 16th century, Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned at the town’s castle for a period of time.

Spa town

It was not until the 18th century, however, that Buxton’s status as a spa town was revived. In 1780, the fifth Duke of Devonshire commissioned the construction of the Crescent, a grand Georgian building with a semi-circular facade, which housed a range of public baths and assembly rooms. The Crescent quickly became a popular destination for the wealthy, and Buxton grew in size and prestige as a result.

Popular with artists and writers

Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, Buxton continued to thrive as a spa town, with many new hotels and guesthouses being built to cater to the growing number of visitors. The town also became a popular destination for artists and writers, including Lord Byron, who visited the town in the early 19th century.

Stunning Georgian architecture

Today, Buxton remains a popular tourist destination. It’s known for its stunning Georgian architecture, picturesque surroundings, and the therapeutic properties of its natural mineral waters. The town has also developed a reputation as a centre for culture. There’s a wide range of events and festivals taking place throughout the year, including the Buxton International Festival of Opera and the Buxton Festival of Literature.

Book your luxury Buxton cottage

Now you know the rich history of Buxton, you’ll want to book a luxury cottage to explore the local area. Our 10 luxury Derbyshire cottages are just a stone’s throw from both Buxton and Bakewell. In addition to great accommodation, we offer free EV charging, free electric bikes, a children’s play area, a games room and an honesty shop packed with posh local goodies. All this is set within our 12 acres of prime Peak District National Park. Above all else, luxurious Derbyshire cottages. What’s more, Wheeldon Trees is packed full of amenities and is currently in the running for the Peak District and Derbyshire Tourism Awards‘ best self-catering accommodation.

Want to know more? Click here to view our availability.